Counselling is the assistance given by one person to another person in making intelligent choices and adjustments and in solving his/ her problems. Counselling psychology focusses primarily on personal, marital, family, relationship, educational and social adjustment problems.
An individual may have developed a poor self image, a feeling of inferiority, excessive anxiety or phobias (irrational fears). He may be confused or may have developed a conflict amongst his values. Counseling not only helps an individual to deal with such and many other problems, but also enables him to cope and adapt to his/ her life situations effectively. The fundamental purpose of guidance and counselling is to develop in each individual, upto the limit of his capacity, the ability to solve his own problems and to make his own adjustments.